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  Haring Harinxma & Grutte Pier
Mata Hari
Elias Annes Borger
Max de Lange-Praamsma
Simon Praamsma











 

The Haring Harinxma/Grutte Pier Connection

Haring Harinxma Donia was a powerful Frisian chieftain and Schieringer. Another title used by Haring was thoe Heeg meaning 'of Heeg', where he was born and lived.

The Schieringers and Vetkopers were two opposing Frisian factional parties from the medieval period. Vetkopers ("fat buyers") had much and could buy fat products; the poor adopted the name Schieringers ("speakers") because they had tried firstly discussion rather than violence.

 The Schieringers elected Haring Harinxma Potestate (a governor chosen by the Frisians under the authority of the royally appointed counts), together with Sjoerd Wiarda, of Oostergo (eastern region of Friesland) in the struggle against the count of Holland in 1399.

A famous descedendent of Harinxma was Pier Gerlofs Donia.

Haring Harinxma
DONIA
thoe Heeg
(c.1323-1404)
Heeg
ó Jelck N.
(c.1335)
  ò  
   
Douwe Harings
HARINXMA DONIA
thoe Heeg
(c.1355)
ó Rixt Hilles
BONNINGA
(c.1357)
  ò  
   
 Eets Douwes
HARINXMA
(c.1387)
ó Janke Douwes
DOUMA
(c.1383)
  ò  
   
Idsert Jankes
DOUMA
(c.1404)
ó Gaets Foppes
POPMA
(c.1408)
  ò  
   
Wilsck Idserts
DOUMA
(c.1430)
ó Sybrandt Doytthies
BONGA
(c.1426)
  ò  
   
Fokel Sybrants
BONGA
(c.1454)
ó Gerlof Piers
DONIA
(c.1454-bef. 1510)

Pier Gerlofs Donia was a Frisian warrior, pirate, rebel, and freedom fighter, best known by his Frisian nickname "Grutte Pier" ("Big Pier"), or the Dutch "Grote Pier" and "Lange Pier", which referred to his legendary size and strength.

ò ò ò    
Pier Gerlofs
DONIA
(c.1480-)
Kimswerd-Sneek
“GRUTTE PIER”
2 other
siblings
Tijdt Gerlofs
DONIA
(c.1490)
ó Anne Pijbes
(c.1486)

Grutte PierGrutte Pier was born Pier Gerlofs Donia, one of at least four children of Gerlof Piers and Fokel Sybrants Bonga (daughter of the Schieringer noblemen Sybrant Doytsesz Bonga of Bongastate, Kimswerd). Pier Gerlofs married Rintsje Syrtsema and they had two children. Pier and his brother-in-law Anne Pijbes (husband of Tijdt Gerlofs), were partners in the farming estate of Meyllemastate in Kimswerd.

The Black Band, a notoriously violent regiment in the service of the Duke of Saxony, was quartered in the nearby town of Franeker, charged with suppressing the civil war between the Vetkopers (who opposed Burgundian and subsequently Habsburg rule) and the Schieringers. On 29 January1515 the Black Band plundered Donia's village, then allegedly raped and killed his wife and burnt to the ground both the village church and Donia's estate. Seeking revenge, Pier started a guerrilla war campaign against the Habsburgs and allied himself with the Duke of Guelders, the foremost opponent of the Habsburgs.

Pier's armed band, pirates known as the Arumer Zwarte Hoop, captured many English and Dutch ships, mainly on the Zuider Zee. In his biggest battle, in 1515, he captured 28 Dutch ships, earning him the nickname "Cross of the Dutchmen." He was very active in 1517, when he used his "signal ships" to attack ships in the region of the West Frisian coast, to which he also transported Geldrian forces, setting them ashore at Medemblik.

Medemblik's governor, Joost van Buren, succeeded in keeping the aggressors outside the castle walls. Unable to take the castle, the Arumer Zwarte Hoop plundered the town and set it on fire. With most houses made of wood, the town, including the church, monastery and town hall, were completely razed. After this partial victory, Pier and his army stormed both Nieuwburg and Middleburg Castle near Alkmaar, leaving only ruins. Shortly after this victory, Pier defeated 300 Hollanders in Hindelopen.

Despite his successes, Pier could not turn the Burgundian/Habsburg tide and he retired, disillusioned, in 1519. His nephew, Wierd Jelckama, took over the command of Pier’s forces. On 18 October 1520 Pier died peacefully in Sneek, where he is buried.Grutte_Pier_statue

Today, a great sword that is said to have belonged to Pier is on display at the Fries museum in Leeuwarden. There is a Statue of Grutte Pier in his hometown of Kimswerd.

The legendary status of Grote Pier as a hero or a villain has endured over the centuries with his exploits retold in book, poetry, song and more recently television.

 
  ò  
   
  Gerlof Annes
(c.1519)
Kimswerd
ó Taecke
 
  ò  
   
  Pier Gerlofs
(c.1535-1601)
Kimswerd/Friesland
ó Anne Taeckes
(c.1545)
Kimswerd
 
  ò  
   
  Tiedt Piers
(c.1581-1656)
Kimswerd
ó Sierck Jans
DONIA
(c.1581-1629)
Kimswerd
 
  ò  
   
  Antie Siercks
DONIA
(c.1607-1673)
Kimswerd
ó
1630
Sikke Hayes
GERLSMA
(c.1605-bef.1650)
Zurich
 
  ò  
   
  Bauke Sickes
GERLSMA
(c.1634-1673)
Zurich-Pingjum
ó Obbe Douwes
BANGMA
(1635-1681)
Pingjum
 
  ò  
   
  Oeds Obbes
BANGMA
(c.1668)
Pingjum
ó
1694
Antje Jans
(c.1668)
Pingjum
 
  ò  
   
  Obbe Oedses
BANGMA
(1695-1759)
Pingjum
ó Geertje Klaases
(c.1700)
Pingjum
 
  ò  
   
  Sikke Obbes
BANGMA
(1724-1786)
Zurich
ó
1753
Trijntje Jans
BANGMA
(1732-1818)
Pingjum-Franeker
 
  ò  
   
  Lieuwkje Sikkes
BANGMA
(1762-1840)
Pingjum/Franeker
ó Sikke Jans
BROUWER
(1786-1827)
Witmarsum
 
  ò  
   
  Jan Sikkes
BROUWER
(1786-1827)
Witmarsum-Franeker
ó Yfke Jolkes
BAKKER
(POSTMA)
(1786-1827)
Kubaard
 
  ò  
   
  Jan Jans
BROUWER
(1865-1933)
Franker-Kubaard
ó Antje Martens
BEISTA
(1865-1933)
Kubaard
 
  ò  
   
  Wiepkjen Jans
BROUWER
(1865-1933)
Kubaard-Amsterdam
ó Jan Roelofs
PRAAMSMA
(1864-1934)
Joure-Ede
 
  ò  
   
  Roelof
PRAAMSMA
(1888-1961)
Amsterdam
ó Jeltje
BOMMER
(1891-1960)
Amsterdam
 
  ò  
   
Simon
PRAAMSMA
(1921-)
ó Laurence Maria
UITTENBROEK
(1918-)
    ò  
 
  Rosalinde
PRAAMSMA
(1949-)
 

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